Senin, 04 Maret 2019


IT IS ME (INTRODUCTION)                                                                                                                   1. Self Introduction(Perkenalan diri sendiri)                                                                                             Ketika kita ingin memperkenalkan diri kita sendiri kepada orang lain, maka berikut adalah ungkapan/ekspresi yang lazim digunakan:
 - Let me introduce my self
-  Allow me to introduce myself
- I would like to introduce myself, my names is...
 - Good morning everybody, My name’s ...
 - Hello, I am ...
- I want to introduce myself
Good morning friends. Let me introduce myself. My name is Muhammad Fayyadh Shidqi. You can call me “Shidqi”. Nice to meet you
2. Introducing other to another (Memperkenalkan orang lain)
 Setelah kita sudah belajar cara memperkenalkan diri dalam Bahasa Inggris, kita selanjutnya belajar cara memperkenalkan orang lain.
Berikut adalah gambit/ekspresi umum yang digunakan:
- I would like to introduce you to ...
- Let me introduce you to ...
- I would like you to meet...
 - I want to introduce you to...
 - Hi Erna, This is Soni, Soni, this is Erna.
Darmy : Hi, Tuny. I would liket to introduce you to my sister. This is Daonah.
Tuny : Hi, Daonah. How do you do?
 Daonah: Hello, Tuny. How do you do? How do you do (Apa kabar) digunakan untuk pertama kali ketemu. Selanjutnya dapat digunakan How are you untuk menanyakan kabar.
 3. Asking for and telling one’s name (Menanyakan nama dan mengeja nama seseorang) Berikut adalah ungkapan yang biasa digunakan untuk menanyakan nama kepada orang lain yang belum kita ketahui namanya beserta cara menyebutkan nama dalam ejaannya:
 Asking for peoples’s name - What is your name? - What is your nickname? - How do you spell your name? Responses - My name is Fayyadh Shidqi Faisal - Shidqi - /es/-/eij/-/ai/-/di/- /kyu/- /ai/ (Shidqi) 4. Asking for and telling address (Menanyakan alamat dan cara meresponnya Asking for people’s address
- Where do you live?
- What’s your address?
 - Where are you from?
- Where do you come from?
- I live in Wonosegoro Village.
 - I live at 56 Jalan Maju Mundur Batang
- I’m from Siberuk - I come from Bandar-Batang

Senin, 04 Februari 2019

Greeting and Leave Taking

Greeting (Ungkapan Salam)
 Ungkapan sapaan/salam dibagi menjadi 2 yaitu Formal dan Informal Greeting.
 Formal greeting biasanya digunakan pada situasi resmi formal atau belum familiar sedangkan Informal Greeting digunakan pada situasi santai, biasanya sudah familiar atau kenal dengan lawan bicara dan tidak resmi.
Formal Greetings:
 Good morning
 Good day/noon
 Good afternoon
 Good evening
 Good morning
 Good day/noon
 Good afternoon
 Good evening
 See the video below Lat soal klik d bawah ini

Minggu, 27 Januari 2019

Descriptive Text

Descriptive Text  The Definition and Purpose of Descriptive Text
Descriptive text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.
 The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text
Descriptive text has structure as below: Identification; identifying the phenomenon to be described.
 Description; describing the phenomenon in parts, qualities, or/and characteristics. The Language Feature of Descriptive Text
 Using attributive and identifying process.
 Using adjective and classifiers in nominal group.
 Using simple present tense Examples and structures of the text MacQuarie University Identification Macquarie University is one of the largest universities in Australia. This year, in 2004, it celebrates its 40thanniversary.
Description The university is located at the North Ryde Greenbelt, Sydney, where the New South Wales government sets aside a135 hectares for the institution. In 1964, Macquarie area was a rural retreat on the city fringe, but today the campus and its surroundings have evolved beyond recognition. The North Ryde District has grown into a district of intensive occupation anchored by a vibrant and growing university.Blessed with a fortunate location and room to breathe, Macquarie can be proud of that careful planning that retains and enrich the university’s most attractive natural features. A pleasing balance between buildings and plating is evident across the campus. This emphasis on the importance of landscape has created images of Macquarie as a place that members of the university are most likely to pleasurably recollect. One of the highlights of the landscape is the Mars Creek zone. It comprises landscaped creek sides and valley floor, a grass amphitheatre, and artificial lake… surrounded by rocks and pebbles, native plants and eucalypts. Today, a railway station is under construction. In three years1 time, Macquarie will be the only university in Australia with a railway station on site. Macquarie is poised to be the most readily accessible in Sydney region by rail and motorway, yet retaining its beautiful site. Example of Description A. My Friend’s New Shoes I have a close Friend. She is beautiful, attractive and trendy. She always want to be a trend setter of the day. She always pays much attention on her appearance. Recently, she bought a new stylist foot legs from blowfish shoes products. This shoes really matches on her. Her new blowfish women’s shoes are wonderful. When she are walking on that shoes, all her friends, including me watch and admire that she has the most suitable shoes on her physical appearance. The style, bright color, and brand represent her as a smart woman of the day. She really have perfect appearance. She is really mad on that shoes. She said that the products covered all genders. The blowfish men’s shoes are as elegant as she has. The products provide varieties of choice. Ballet, casual, boot athletic shoes are designed in attractive way. The products are international trader mark and become the hottest trend. 1. B. Borobudur Temple Borobudur is Hindu – Budhist temple. It was build in the nineth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 m high and consist of eight step like stone terrace. The first five terrace are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Budist sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The entire adifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre at the centre of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and starways. The design of borobudur which symbolizes the structure of universe influences temples at Angkor, Cambodia. Borobudur temple which is rededicated as an Indonesian monument in 1983 is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people. Generic Structure Analysis

Rabu, 26 Desember 2018

                                                 NRT vs CRT

In education, learning is a very important process. This process is having some objectives or goals to achieve. The teacher and the studenr are  important factors of the teaching learning process. At the end of teaching learning process, it is necessary to evaluate the knowledge, skill, aptitude and educational objectives whether they are fulfilled or not. For this purpose different kinds of tests have been adopted by researchers and teachers. Various experiments are being tried for the improvement of education. There are two tests or assesment that can be used for the students. The tests are called as Criterion Referenced Test and Norm Referenced Test. In this essay the writer will tell about the definition of CRT, the definition of NRT, the history of NRT and CRT, some critics in CRT and NRT, the advantages of CRT and NRT, and its implementation in Indonesia and America.                                                                                                                                                                     The first thing is about the defintion of CRT. The word "criterion" in CRT has been referred in two ways . First, criterion refers to the material being taught in the course. CRT would assess the particular learning points of a particular course or program. Second, criterion is the standard of performance that is used to decide what is being expected for passing the test or course. Here, CRT would be used to assess whether students pass or fail at a certain criterion level . CRT is a test that measures a test taker‘s performance according to a particular standard or criterion that has been agreed. The test taker must reach this level of performance to pass the test, and a test taker‘s score is interpreted with reference to the criterion score, rather than to the scores of other test takers (Richard & Schmidt 2002).                                                                                                                                                   After, the writer tells about the definition of CRT,the writer will explain the definition of NRT. NRT is a test that measures how the performance of a certain test taker or group of test takers compares with the performance of another test taker or group of test takers whose scores are given as the norm. A test taker‘s score will be interpreted with the scores of other test takers or groups of test takers (Richard & Schmidt 2002). Hence, NRT is an approach of evaluation through which a learner‘s score is compared to other students in the classroom                                                                              After the writer has aready given the brief definition of CRT and NRT, the writer intends to give the explanation about the history of NRT and CRT. Actually the NRT test comes before the CRT. At that time norm-referenced tests were seen as limited source that provides a sequence of information needed by the teachers. The NRT is considered unfair as well. Until one day,the term criterion-referenced was first introduced in 1962 by Glaser and Klaus (1962). Glaser and Klaus published an article entitled  ‘American Psychologist’ (Glaser 1963). He wrote the first paper about CRT  since the scope and direction of educational testing has been changed dramatically. In 1970, Hambleton, Swan’rathan, Algina and Coulson (1978) calculated that more than 600 papers  about  CRT have been  written. The papers  had been written in the form of, journals, monographs, and books. During 1974 a monograph was also published. The monograph talked about the technical problems in criterion-referenced measurement which was edited by Chester W. Harris, Marvin C. Alkin, and W. James Popham.                                                                                                                By the 1970’s , some experts edited  monograph  on  criterion-based  measurement.  For example a monograph edited by Bunda  and  Sanders  (1979),  a  monograph  on  criterion-referenced  testing  by Brown(1980)  edited  volumes  by  Jaeger  and  Tittle  (1980)  ,  and  a  monograph which was written im  1980  entitled  ‘Applied Psychological  Measurement’  examining  the  criterion-referenced  testing  technology  which  was  edited  by  Ronand  K.Hambleton.                                                  After the writer tells about the history of NRT and CRT, the writer will show several arguments which reflects a criticism made by some experts.The kinds of arguments typically made by the critics. The criticisms are about some problems that caused by the existence of NRT and CRT. The first criticisim was deliverd by Huitt in 1996. He said NRT scores are often misused in schools when making critical educational decisions, such as grade promotion, which can have a harmful consequences for some students. Since NRT form is presented in Multiple-choice test, the students do not get used to present their critical thinking and analysis (Corbet & Wilson, 1991). If the teaher overused the NRT  asessment, it can result to inadvertent discrimination against minority groups and low-income student populations, both of which tend to face more educational obstacles than non-minority students and higher-income households (Bond 1996). The test in NRT is also considered biased by the experts because those questions are eliminated which low scorers might get right (Huitt ,1996). NRT has to be finished in a time limit which may favor or disfavor an individual student.                                                                                                                                                                After the writer shows some criticism in NRT, the writer will show the criticisim in CRT as well. Although most of the experts views that  CRT has many advantages, it does have some lacks. The kinds of arguments typically made by the critics of NRT, Huitt . He views that CRT does not allow for comparing the performance of students in a particular location with national norms. For example, a school would be unable to compare 5th grade achievement levels in a district                                                                                                                                                                  In the next paragraph, the writer will show some advantages and disadvantages of CRT and NRT. As we have known the experts claims that CRT brings  numerous advantages. CRT is a good  tool to measure specific skills, objectives or domain (Bond, 1996). It gives direction of how well students are learning. It is good to determine learning progress if students have learning gaps or academic difficulity that need to be solved (Bond 1996). The teachers can use the test results to determine how well they are teaching the curriculum (Bond, 1996). CRT helps measure the academic achievement of students usually for the purposes of comparing academic performance among schools, districts and states. The results provide a basis for determining how well the material which is learned by students and how well the educational system is producing results (Cohen, Manion & Morrison 2004). Beside its advantages, CRT also has a disadvantages. CRT does not allow for comparing the performance of students in a particular location with national norms. For example, a school would be unable to compare 5th grade achievement levels in a district.                                                   After the writer tells about the advantages and disadvantages of CRT. The writer will show, some advantages and disadvantages of NRT.                                                                                                          NRT  is a good tool to measures variety of skills and ability of a students. It helps to identify the students who may need special assistance for example mental disorder, learning disabilities (autism, dyslexia), attention disorder. NRT is also good for ranking and sorting students for administrative purposes  since NRT is usually be used in academic aptitude test. Beside its advantages, NRT also bring some disadvantages. NRT is considered unfair by some experts. It is because the student who actually gets a low score, will get a high score because of the group average score. The test in NRT is also considered unclear since the questions in NRT test are eliminated and it will make the low scorers might get right.                                                                                                          The last thing that will be discussed by the writer is the implementation of NRT and CRT in Indonesia and America. In Indonesia, most of the teachers still mix the NRT and CRT system since the students cognitive level is not well compared to the other nations. When the teacher gives a score in daily examination, she will use the CRT assesment. But when the teacher wants to process the score in the form of raport, the teachers will use NRT. The teacher will calculate the average, after she finds the group average, the teacher will find the deviation standar (SD).                                                                                                                   

This Is My World